Pakistan,s 4000 years history is richly illustrated by archaeological sites and imposing monuments scattered the length and breadth of the country.
Brick cities from the Indus civilization, which flourished around 2000 B.C, stand with Buddhist ruins.Magnificent Muslims tombs from 12th century vie with the palaces, mosques and forts of the Moughals emperors of the 16th and 17th centuries.six archaeological sites become the world heritage site.come and see these amazing palaces.
Mohenjo-daro, Mound of the Dead is an archeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2600 BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the world’s earliest major urban settlements, contemporaneous with the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia. Mohenjo-daro was abandoned in the 19th century BCE, and was not rediscovered until 1922. Significant excavation has since been conducted at the site of the city, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.
axila is one of subcontinent,s archaeological treasures and was once an important city of kingdom of Gandhara. the ruins of Taxila, scattered about 30kms away from Rawalpindi, represent one of the important archaeological sites in Pakistan.The history of Taxila spans over 1000years ( around 500 BC to 500 AD ), evolving and changing over the centuries as it absorbed the influences of various conquering empires,Taxila had been the site of the best-known university in the subcontinent, which offered courses in law,history,medicine,arts, etc.
The various sites at Taxila, spread over a large era, include: Bhir mound the oldest city of Taxila, Dharmarajika Buddhist stupa and monastery, Sirsukh city, Jaulian Buddhist monastery, etc.The Taxila museum is noted for its magnificent collection of Gandharan art- a rare blend of Greek and Buddhist art, it also housed an interesting coin- collection ,utensils, jewelry, toys and pottery highlighting the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila.
Takht Bhai is a Parthian archaeological site in Mardan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It was first a Zoroastrian complex which, after the later arrival of Buddhism, was then converted into a Buddhist monastic complex. It is dated to the 1st century BCE.The complex is regarded by archaeologists as being particularly representative of the architecture of Buddhist monastic centers from its era.It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.
Lahore Fort is one the major historical places in Lahore that catches the attention of the visitors from all over the globe. Lahore Fort was built during the Mughal regime in the sub-continent. The infrastructure of the fort is quite unique and artistic in its nature and has the ability to fascinate the tourists. Everyday a large number of local and foreign tourists come to the Lahore Fort and enjoy the beauty of the mega structure of the Mughal Reign. The Lahore Fort has been preserved over the years in its original state to represent the excellence of architecture of the Mughal Reign.
Shalimar Gardens sometimes written Shalamar Gardens,it was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore, modern day Pakistan.Construction began in 1641 AD and was completed the following year.Shalimar Gardens was included as a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with the Lahore Fort, under the UNESCO Convention concerning the protection of the world’s cultural and natural heritage sites in 1972.
Rohtas Fort is a 16th century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 and 1548 in order to help subdue the rebellious tribes of the Potohar region of northern Punjab that were loyal to the Mughal crown. The fort is one of the largest and most formidable in the subcontinent.Rohtas Fort was never stormed by force, and has survived remarkably intact.
The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an “exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of central and South Asia.”
Makli is one of the largest necropolises in the world, with a diameter of approximately 8 km. It lies approximately 98 km east of Karachi and is the burial place of some 125,000 local rulers, Sufi saints and others. Makli is on the outskirts of Thatta, the capital of lower Sindh until the 17th century, in what is the southeastern province of present-day Pakistan.It was added to the World Heritage List in 1981 under the name Historical Monuments of Thatta.
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