Bahawalpur located in Punjab, is the twelfth largest city in Pakistan.The city is capital of Bahawalpur District. The city was once the capital of the former princely state and later the province of Bahawalpur. The city was home to various Nawabs (rulers) and counted as part of the Rajputana states (now Rajasthan, India). The city is known for its famous palaces such as the Noor Mahal, Sadiq Ghar Palace, and Darbar Mahal, as well as the ancient fort of Derawar in the Cholistan Desert bordering India. The city is located near the historical and ancient cities of Uch and Harappa, which were once a stronghold of the Delhi Sultanate and Indus Valley Civilisation. The city is home to one of the few natural safari parks in Pakistan, Lal Suhanra National Park.
Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Ahmadpur East Tehsil, Punjab, Pakistan. Located approximately 100 km south of the city of Bahawalpur, the forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles in the Cholistan Desert. The walls have a perimeter of 1500 metres and stand up to thirty metres high.
Derawar fort was built by Rai Jajja Bhatti, a Rajput ruler of the Bhatti clan.The fort was built in the 9th century AD as a tribute to Rawal Deoraj Bhatti, a Rajput sovereign king of the Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur areas who had his capital at Lodhruva.The fort was initially known as Dera Rawal, and later referred to as Dera Rawar, which with the passage of time came to be pronounced Derawar, its present name.
In the 18th century, the fort was taken over by Muslim Nawabs of Bahawalpur from the Shahotra tribe. It was later renovated by Abbasi rulers, but in 1747 the fort slipped from their hands owing to Bahawal Khan’s preoccupations at Shikarpur. Nawab Mubarak Khan took the stronghold back in 1804. 1,000 year-old catapult shells were found in the debris near a decaying wall in the fort.
This historically-significant fort presents an enormous and impressive structure in the heart of the Cholistan desert, but it is rapidly deteriorating and in need of immediate preventative measures for preservation.
Noor Mahal and Gulzar Mahal
Noor Mahal and Gulzar Mahal are the most elegant buildings in Bahawalpur built in the Italian style. Noor Mahal is unique in its architecture and is splendid with comely lawns and driveways
Lal Sohanra Park
Lal Sohanra Park, 50 kms east of Bahawalpur, is established on both sides of the Desert Branch Canal and fortifies a cyclopean variety of animals and birdlife. TDCP offers a six room motel with restaurant to accommodate guests at this location.
UCHH SHARIF, situated 50 kms west of Bahawalpur, is one of the most antediluvian towns. It’s famous for its pulchritudinous ruins and tombs ornamented with blue mosaic, and other embellishments. Among these tombs the 15th century octagonal tomb of Bibi Jawindi is the best-kenned monument. It is reputed to have been the most consequential cultural centre during 13th century.
Dera Nawab Sahib
This was the residential headquarter of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur. There are palaces dating back to the 18th century here.
The library was built in 1924. It has a vast collection of books and rare manuscripts. It is one of the best libraries in Pakistan.
This is a modest museum with a good collection of old coins medals postage stamps, manuscripts inscriptions woodcarvings camel silk paintings historical models stone carvings of the Islamic and Pre-Islamic period.
Jamia Masjid Al-Sadiq
It was made by Nawab Sadiq Khan Abbasi . It has a capacity of 50 to 60 thousand people. It is one of the most beautiful and prominent mosques in Pakistan.
Farid Gate is one of the old gate of the old city of Bahawalpure